Established in 1972, on Land grant pattern, Marathwada Agricultural University (MAU) Parbhani is one of the four Agrilcultural universities in state of Maharashtra. Except some industrialization around Aurangabad and Nanded, the entire region has rural setting.
- Education in agriculture & Allied Science.
- Undertake Research based on regional needs and facilitate Technology transfer etc.
VNMKV is one of four Agricultural Universities in the State of Maharashtra. Prior to original Maharashtra Agricultural University, it was established on May 18, 1972 to fulfil the regional aspirations of agrarian growth. It is entrusted with the responsibilities to pro- vide education in agriculture and allied fields, undertake research and facilitate technology transfer in Marathwada region of Maharashtra. The first college of Agriculture was established in this region at Parbhani in 1956 by Hyderabad State Govern- ment just before State reorganization. During Nizam's rule, however, agricultural education was available only at Hyd- erabad but crop research centres viz., sorghum, cotton, fruits existed in the region. The foundation of research was laid by the erstwhile Nizam State with commencement of the Main Experimental Farm at Parbhani in 1918. The famous 'Gaorani' desi cotton is the result of the research on cotton and local sorghum cultivars were improved by selection by the then Economic Botanist. Since then Parbhani remain the hub of educational, research and extension activ- ities in Marathwada.
- Provide education in agriculture, allied sciences and humanities.
- Provide research base to improve the productivity of important agri-horticulture, livestock, fisheries and agri-allied activities of Marathwada region.
- To develop appropriate plans for conservation of natural resources and sustainable use.
- To undertake and guide extension education programmes, first line transfer of technology, extend services of training, conduct demonstrations and develop appropriate communication network.
- Standardize technologies for crop production, protection, harvesting, marketing, post-harvest utilization as also for livestock, fisheries and allied agro-communities for improving the living status of farmers, farm workers and Women of Marathwada.
- Provide the necessary production support of nucleus, breeders and foundation seed of important crops of the region and also generate revenue through large farms for sustainable growth of the University.
- Lattitude : Between 17 DEG 35 min N & 20 deg 40 min N
- Longitude : Between 70 DEG 40 min E & 78 deg 15 min E
The MAU region falls in Deccan Plateau Zone. It is basically an intense agrarian region with geographical area of 6.5 M ha occupying 21 per cent of total area of the State. The University HQ is located on Manmad-Nanded Railway track. It is around 200 km from Aurangabad city and well connected by Rail & Road. The nearest airport is Aurangabad.
Marathwada Region Comprising of 8 districts
The MAU region falls in Deccan Plateau Zone. It is basically an intense agrarian region with geographical area of 6.5 M ha occupying 21 per cent of total area of the State. The University HQ is located on Manmad-Nanded Railway track .It is around 200 km from Aurangabad city and well connected by Rail & Road. The nearest airport is Aurangabad.
- Leafy Veg
- Medium & Deep Black Soils
Soils of Marathwada region are classified as Vertisols. Nearly 32.5 m ha are medium black soils, 12.1 M ha deep black soils and 12.4 m ha course shallow soils. The fertil- ity index with respect to nitrogen is low in Parbhani, Nanded while it is medium in Aurangabad, Jalna, Beed Osmana- bad and Latur district while fertility index with respect to P is low in almost all the districts except six tahsils of Jalna and Beed districts. It is very high for potash in almost all the districts of Marathwada. The average use of fertilizer is 50N and 39 P2O5/kg per hectare in Latur and Aurangabad divisions. The deficiency of micronutrients viz. Zn and Fe is noticed in high intensity cropping. Soils under irrigation projects like Jayakwadi and Purna becoming sick due to water logging & salinisation.